What is Science? Science is a systematic effort that produces and organizes knowledge in the form of verifiable theories and models about the cosmos. The origins of science can be found back to roughly 3000 to 1200 BCE in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine influenced and impacted classical Greek natural philosophy, which sought to provide formal interpretations for phenomena in the physical world derived from natural causes. Knowledge of Greek worldviews decreased in Western Europe throughout the early Middle Ages (400 to 1000 CE) with the fall of the Western Roman Empire but was maintained in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age.
From the 10th to the 13th centuries, the recovery and integration of Greek works and Islamic investigations into Western Europe renewed “natural philosophy,” which was subsequently developed by the Scientific Revolution, which began in the 16th century and saw fresh concepts and discoveries depart from prior Greek understandings and traditions.
The scientific method started to play a larger part in knowledge generation in the 18th century. The natural sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and physics, which study nature in its broadest terms; the social sciences, such as economics, psychology, and sociology, which study people and societies; and the formal sciences, such as logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science, which interact with representations based on rules, are the 3 main sections of modern science.
However, because formal sciences do not rely on scientific evidence, there is debate about whether they are truly scientific. Applied sciences are disciplines that make use of current scientific knowledge for practical reasons, such as engineering and medicine.
Scientists who are driven by an interest in the world and a drive to solve challenges progress science by doing the study. The current scientific research is highly cooperative, involving teams from academia and research institutions, government agencies, and corporations. Because of the practical significance of their work, science policies have emerged that prioritize the creation of commercial items, weaponry, health care, public infrastructure, and environmental protection designed to persuade the scientific effort.